Ca Mau is the southernmost coastal province of Vietnam, located in the Mekong Delta region, bordering Kien Giang to the north, Bac Lieu and East Sea to the east, the southern tip to the East Sea and part to the east. The West borders the Gulf of Thailand. The climate of Ca Mau is mild, equatorial, tropical with monsoon, with two distinct seasons, rainy and sunny, not affected by floods and few storms.
Ca Mau Province was re-established in 1997. The area of 5,294.88 square km ranked second and equal to 12.97% of the Mekong Delta area, equal to 1.58% of the national area. In particular, the area of aquaculture land is over 200,000 ha, paddy land is 94,000 ha, and forestry land is 114,000 ha.
Geographical location is located at 8o30 ‘to 9010’ of the North latitude and 104o80 ‘to 105o5’ of the East, nature is rich in Ca Mau rich in forest and sea resources. The submerged forest ecosystem with an area of nearly 100,000 ha is divided into two areas: brackish mangrove forest, characterized by melaleuca trees, which are mainly located inland in the lower U Minh lower area, mangrove forests characterized by mangrove and mangrove trees is mainly in the Mui Ca Mau and coastal areas, rich in animals and plants in the forest with large reserves is a specialty of submerged forests. Ca Mau forest has become famous in the world and second only to the Amazon Estuary mangrove forests (Brazil). The coast of Ca Mau is 254 km long running from the East Sea to the Gulf of Thailand, the coast is low, the ground soft and flat.
The territorial waters and continental shelves of Vietnam’s sovereignty and jurisdiction are over 71,000 square km wide, with an average depth of 30 to 35 meters. In particular, there are Hon Khoai, Hon Chuoi, Hon Buong and Hon Da Bac.
In the seabed, there are many species of fishes and shrimps, under the continental shelf, there are huge reserves of oil and gas, capable of exploiting for many years. Ca Mau Sea is located at the center of the seaway in Southeast Asia and close to international sea routes, which is very convenient for the development of the marine economy.
Ca Mau is connected to Ho Chi Minh City and other localities in the region with many convenient transport systems including road, air, waterway and sea via Nam Can port. Regarding roads, Ca Mau has more Ho Chi Minh route to Dat Mui commune, Ngoc Hien district has been cleared to go into operation.
Because of its favorable location, abundant natural resources, the characteristics of the forest, the sea, the climate is very temperate … giving Ca Mau many advantages to develop the economy of fisheries, agriculture and forestry. , export processing industry, services, tourism, gas and oil exploitation and port services.
Ca Mau’s population has 1,218,821 people, relatively evenly distributed, the average density of 230 people/square km, is a land of the community of Kinh, Khmer, Chinese and some other ethnic minorities. living. The working-age population accounts for about 50%, most of them young, hard-working, able to meet the labor needs of many fields. The administrative boundary is divided into 8 districts and 1 city: Ca Mau City, Cai Nuoc, Dam Doi, Thai Binh, Tran Van Thoi, Nam Can, Ngoc Hien, Phu Tan and U Minh districts including 82 communes. , 10 wards, 9 towns. Ca Mau City is the economic and cultural center of the province located on the axis of National Highway 1, Highway 63, Phung Hiep Highway and the Southern Coastal Corridor with strategic significance in terms of both economic and national defense. The pace of urban development of Ca Mau is very fast: from a town, after 15 years of construction and development, Ca Mau is now a city – a grade-II city, towards a first-class city in 2020. Nam Town Can, Song Doc, Cai Doi Vam, the estuary of Khanh Hoi, Mr. Trang, the original Rach, Quan Phung Hiep Highway … are also forming busy urban areas of the coastal urban corridor.
It is expected that by 2020 the total population of working age of the province will be about 894,000 people, the rate of social labor through training and vocational training to 2020 reaches 50% or more. The province has abundant labor resources, of which the number of people of working age is over 700,000, most of whom have received basic vocational training. Up to now, there are 02 branch-based universities and 06 colleges and intermediate schools in Ca Mau province.