Ca Mau has a coastline of more than 254km, accounting for 1/3 of the coast in the Mekong Delta, equal to 7.8% of the coastline of the country and has many estuaries connecting to the sea such as Ganh Hao, Bo De, Ong Doc, Ong Trang, Bay Hap, Khanh Hoi … On the sea, there are Hon Khoai, Hon Chuoi, Hon Buon and Hon Da Bac, which are very convenient for boats to anchor, shelter from storms and develop marine economy. Ca Mau Sea has an area of 71,000 square km to explore and exploit, is considered as one of the four key fishing grounds of the country, has a large and abundant seafood reserve in variety. The reserve of floating fish is estimated at 320 thousand tons, bottom fish is 530 thousand tons, with 661 species, 319 varieties, belonging to 138 families. Many types of shrimp and fish have high value and production such as shrimp, squid, crab, snapper, mackerel, plaice, grouper, cobia, etc. Clams, blood cockles, oysters, saltwater shrimp … have high economic value. Catching output is about 300,000 tons/year.
Aquaculture in Ca Mau thrives, with a total area of 266,735ha. In particular, mainly traditional extensive, improved extensive, industrial, semi-industrial, with specialized models of shrimp, shrimp – forest, shrimp – rice combined. Industrial shrimp farming yields from 5 tons/ha/crop. Ca Mau produces about 8 billion breeds a year, partly addressing the need for breed for aquaculture. The actual demand for breed requires about 12 billion breeds a year.
Ca Mau Sea is adjacent to Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, near the international maritime route, so it has many advantages for exchange and economic cooperation by sea, development of marine economy and oil exploitation and other resources in the sea.