Fishery is a key economic sector of Ca Mau province and has been the leading province in aquaculture, processing and exporting seafood for many years.
The total output of fishing and aquaculture in 2016 was estimated at 480.000 tons (530.000 tons plan), equaling 90,6% of the plan, down 4% compared to 2015. In particular, shrimp production is estimated at 156.000 tons, equal to 83,6% of the plan, down 3,3% compared to 2015.
Fishery production has been bringing economic efficiency to the province, contributing to changing the economic structure, eliminating hunger and reducing poverty, improving material life for farmers in coastal and rural areas, supplying raw materials for seafood processing factories for export, contributing to the province hundreds of millions of dollars each year, bringing Ca Mau to become the province with the highest seafood export turnover of the country, bring foreign currency revenue to the country.
Total area of aquaculture is 297.200 ha. In particular, the shrimp farming area is about 266.000 ha. By the end of November 2016, the area of industrial shrimp farming reached 9.587 ha (the plan is 11.000 ha by the end of 2016), an increase of 3,3% over the same period. In particular, the farming area accounts for 40% (175 ha of high-tech application process); improved extensive shrimp farming area reached 90.552 ha (planned to reach 90.000 ha by the end of 2016), an increase of 16% over the same period, the average yield reached over 500 kg/ha/year; Traditional extensive shrimp farming has developed stably, the area being farmed reaches 95% of the area, the average yield of 250-300 kg/ha/year; intercropping between traditional extensive shrimp, crab and blood cockles is quite effective.
The area of freshwater aquaculture reaches 19.803 ha. In particular, mainly snakehead, perch, gourami … These are traditional aquatic species of the locality. Concentrated in many districts: Tran Van Thoi, U Minh, Cai Nuoc and Ca Mau city
In addition, the aquaculture movement has thrived on the scale of farms, households and has brought about high results. The type of aquaculture is very diverse such as tiger shrimp, whiteleg shrimp, crayfish, crab, oysters, blood cockles, clams, mussels, snails, eel, goby, turtle, freshwater fish …
Ca Mau has 3 sides bordering the sea, with 254 km of coastline, a fishing ground of over 100.000 square km, with many aquatic resources, so the fishery exploitation in the sea is very developed. Ca Mau Province has 4.563 marine mining facilities, with a total capacity of 581.099 CV. In particular, there are 3.256 vehicles with a capacity of 20 CV or more. The protection of aquatic resources has made many advances, occupations and methods of exploiting and destroying aquatic resources, gradually controlled and restricted; the registration and licensing of fishing vessels have been carried out quite synchronously; the regeneration of resources such as releasing shrimp and fingerlings to the sea is conducted periodically.
In order to effectively exploit aquatic resources, Ca Mau province has invested in many boats and equipped with modern equipment such as positioning machines, fishing range … The infrastructure for sea fishing is invested and built by the province such as Ca Mau fishing port, Ong Doc river fishing port, Hon Khoai fishing port and many anchoring and storm shelter areas for boats.
In order to develop the seafood industry towards international integration, many seafood processing enterprises have invested hundreds of billions of VND to renovate technology, purchase equipment and upgrade workshops. The total design capacity reaches over 150.000 tons of finished products per year. Currently, seafood processing technology in Ca Mau is on par with many countries in the world. Processed products are diversified, rich and constantly improved to meet the requirements of demanding markets such as the US, Japan, Australia and the EU … In 2016, Ca Mau has 34 seafood processing factories, with a capacity of 150.000 tons of finished products/year, shrimp export turnover reaches nearly US $ 1 billion, accounting for 33% of shrimp export turnover of the whole country, creating jobs for 300.000 people.
Progress of implementation of the Government’s Decree No. 67/2014/ND-CP dated July 7, 2014 on a number of fisheries development policies: The provincial People’s Committee has approved 85 ships eligible for building and upgrading issued 04 ships, banks signed a loan contract for building 23 new ships and upgrading 02 ships; disbursed 161,056/210,265 billion VND; is building 11 ships, has launched and put into operation 14 ships. Support premium for 7.018 crew members, with 2,1 billion VND; support for insurance for hull hull, fishing gears of 139 ships, with 4.387 billion VND; implementing the policy of supporting goods transportation for 107 cases (58 ships), with 4,32 billion VND.
Currently, Ca Mau province is implementing many policies to attract investors to implement projects on seafood processing, raw materials purchasing, fish cake production, dried fish, fish sauce, building, repairing ships, ship repair provide fishing logistics.